Kostas Gavroglu


Kostas Gavroglu was born in Istanbul. He received his bachelor degree in theoretical physics from Lancaster University, completed the Part III Mathematical Tripos in Cambridge University at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, and received his doctorate from the Department of Physics, at Imperial College, University of London. His doctorate was on theoretical aspects of elementary particle physics (Non-leptonic decays of hyperons). He had a post-doctoral appointment at the State University of New York at Long Island, was appointed as a privat dozent at the Departments of Physics, first at the University of Patras and, then, at the Physics Department of the National Technical University of Athens. Since 1994 he is professor of history of science at the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Athens.

He has been a visiting professor at Imperial College, Harvard University, Boston University, Cambridge University, and Istanbul Technical University. He was research fellow at the Chemical Heritage Foundation, Pennsylvania and the Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology at MIT. He has been scientific coordinator in many research projects funded by the European Union, the European Science Foundation, the Greek State and private foundations. He served as Director of the Laboratory of the Electronic Processing of Historical Archives (www.phs.uoa.gr/dlab ) and was President of the Executive Board of the Historical Archive of the University of Athens (www.archive.uoa.gr). He is a member of the Executive Board of the John S. Latsis Public Benefit Foundation (www.latsis-foundation.org). He is currently President of the Executive Committee of the Research Center for the Humanities (www.rchumanities.gr), based in Athens, Greece.

His research fields are the history of physical chemistry, the history of quantum chemistry, the history of artificial cold as well as issues related with the appropriation of the scientific ideas and practices by the European periphery from the 18th century. He is a co-editor of the series in history and philosophy science by Springer Publishers, by Brill Publishers and editor of the series in history of science by Crete University Publishers and member of the editorial boards of a number of scientific journals in the history of science.

In September 2015 he was elected MP with SYRIZA. He is also president of the Standing Committee on Education of the Greek Parliament.


Neither Physics nor Chemistry: A History of Quantum Chemistry, with Ana Simoes (MIT Press, 2011, second printing 2014).

The University of Athens and its History (1837-1937) (in greek) (with Vangelis Karamanolakis, and Chaido Barkoula) (Crete University Press, 2014)

The Past of the Sciences as History, (Crete University Press, 2004) (in Greek). Turkish edition Iletisim Yayinevi 2006. Portugese edition Porto Editora 2007.

Fritz London (1900-1954), A Scientific Biography Cambridge University Press 1995. Afterword by John Bardeen (Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 and 1972)

Methodological Aspects in the Development of Low Temperature Physics 1881-1957 : Concepts out of Context(s) with Y.Goudaroulis, (Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989).

Reform Attempts in the History of Greek Universities 1911-1980 with Annie Vrychea (Synchrona Themata Publishers, 1981) (In Greek)


History of Artificial Cold: Scientific, technological and social aspects (Springer Publishers, 2013)

Cultural History of Quantum Mechanics (with Theodore Arabatzis) (in Greek) (Crete University Press, 2012)

Positioning the History of Science, K.Gavroglu, J.Renn (Eds.) (Springer Publishers, 2007)

Einstein and Relativity: Historical Studies K.Gavroglu and T. Arabatzis (Eds.) (In Greek) (Crete University Press, 2005)

Theoretical Chemistry in the making: Appropriating concepts and legitimizing techniques, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.Guest Editor K.Gavroglu, December 2000 issue of vol. 31B.

The Sciences During the Enlightenment in the European Periphery. Archimedes, vol. 2, 1997. General Editor Jed Buchwald, issue editor K.Gavroglu.

Physics, Philosophy and the Scientific Community, In honor of Robert S. Cohen. Editors K.Gavroglu, J.Stachel, M.Wartofsky. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995

Science, Mind and Art, In honor of Robert S. Cohen. Editors K.Gavroglu, J.Stachel, M.Wartofsky. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995

Science, Politics and Social Practice, In honor of Robert S. Cohen. Editors K.Gavroglu, J.Stachel, M.Wartofsky. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994

Trends in the Historiography of Science. Editors K.Gavroglu, J.Christianidis, E.Nikolaidis. Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994.

Through Measurement to Κnowledge: The Selected Papers of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes 1853-1926. (With Y.Goudaroulis) Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991. With an introductory essay.

Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Editors K.Gavroglu, Y.Goudaroulis, P.Nikolakopoulos. Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989.


Topics in the History of Physics and Chemistry, Greek Open University. Patras, 2002 (In Greek).

The Sciences in Ancient Greece, in Byzantium and in the Post Byzantium Period up to the 20th Century, J.Christianidis, D.Dialetis, K.Gavroglu, G.Papadopoulos, Tome B of the Book "Greek Philosophy and Science: From the Antiquity to the 20th Century", 377 pages, Greek Open University, Patras 2000 (in Greek).

Introduction to the History of Science and Technology, Th.Arabatzis, J.Christianidis, D.Dialetis, K.Gavroglu, N.Kanderakis, S.Vernikos, Athens 1999, School Books Publishing Organization (in Greek).

Introduction to the History of Science and Technology – Teacher’s Book Th.Arabatzis, J.Christianidis, D.Dialetis, K.Gavroglu, N.Kanderakis, S.Vernikos, Athens 1999, School Books Publishing Organization (in Greek).


Τhe reception of Newtonianism in the Greek-speaking regions of the Eighteenth century (with Manolis Patiniotis) The Reception of Newton in Europe, edited by Scott Mandelbrote, Helmut Pulte (Continuum Publishing Corporation, 2013).

The Chemical Bond, Some historical insights (with Ana Simoes) in The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, methodologies, concepts, edited by Jean Pierre Llored (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013), pp. 226-240, (French Edition Hermann, 2014).

Authors' Response (with Ana Simoes) to Comments by Hasok Chang, Jeremiah James, Paul Needham for the book symposium (Neither Physics not Chemistry: A history of quantum chemistry) Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Quantum Chemistry, Metascience 2013, 22: 523-544.

Historiographical Issues in the History of Cold in History of Artificial Cold: Scientific, technological and social aspects (Springer Publishers, 2013), pp.1-21.

P.O.Lowdin and the International Journal of Quantum Chemistry: A kaleidoscopic agenda for quantum chemistry (with Ana Simoes) International Journal of Quantum Chemistry 2013, DOI:10.1002/qua.24536, pp.1-12.

James Dewar and the Vanishing Electrical resistance at Absolute Zero Temperature, Annalen der Physik (Berlin) 524, no. 3-4, A61-64, 2012.

The STEP (Science and Technology in the European Periphery) initiative: Attempting to historicize the notion of European Science, Centaurus 54, 2012, pp.311-327.

From Physical Chemistry to Quantum Chemistry: How chemists dealt with mathematics (with Ana Simoes) HYLE vol. 18, 2012, pp.41-65.

Science Popularization, Hegemonic Ideology and Commercialized Science, Journal of History of Science and Technology vol. 6, 2012, pp.85-99.

The Ideology of Popularization and the Popularization of Ideology: Some issues for the History of Science, Revista Brazileira de Historia da Ciencia, vol. 5, 2012, pp.224-231.

Introduction to Elements of Natural Philosophy: Greek scientific thinking in the 17th and 18th centuries by Manolis Patinotis (in Greek) (Gutenberg Publications, 2013), pp.13-30.

Marxist History of Science in Marxism and the Sciences: Philosophical and historical perspectives edited by Dimitris Dialetis (in greek) (Nefeli publications, 2010), pp.143-262.

Periphery: Some historiographical reflections with Patiniotis, M., Papanelopoulou, F., Simões, A., Carneiro, A., Diogo, M.P., Sánchez, J.R.B., Belmar, A.G. & Nieto-Galan,History of Science xlvi, 2008, 156-175.

Positioning the History of Science with J.Renn in Positioning the History of Science, K.Gavroglu, J.Renn (Eds.) (Springer Publishers, 2007), pp.1-7.

Physical Chemistry with T.Arabatzis In G. Roberts (ed.), Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2005), pp. 135-153.

Patterns of Appropriation in the Greek Intellectual Life of the 18th Century: Α Case Study on The Notion of Time with Manolis Patiniotis, in Abhay Ashtekar, Robert Cohen, Don Howard, Jürgen Renn, Sahotra Sarkar, Abner Shimony (eds.) Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics: Festschrift in Honor of John Stachel, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2003, 569-591.

The History of the Idea of a moving Earth: Plato and the Academy, with Christianidis J., Dialetis, Neusis, Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Vol. 12, Summer 2003, p. 35-57 (in Greek).

Having a Knack for the Non-Intuitive: Aristarchus’s Heliocentrism through Archimedes’s Geocentrism with J.Christianidis and D.Dialetis. History of Science, xl, (2002), p.1-22.

Preparing the ground for quantum chemistry in Great Britain: the contributions of the physicist R.H.Fowler and the chemist N.V.Sidgwick with A.Simoes, British Journal for the History of Science 35, 2002, 187-212.

The Physicists’ Electron and its Appropriation by the Chemists in Histories of the Electron, edited by J.Buchwald, A.Warwick, The MIT Press, 2001, 363-400.

Interview with Thomas S.Kuhn with A.Baltas and V.Kindi published in The Road Since Structure, Thomas S.Kuhn, Philosophical essays 1970-1993, with an autobiographical interview, edited by J.Conant, J.Haugeland. (Chicago University Press, 2000), 253-324.

Quantum Chemistry in Great Britain: Developing a mathematical framework for quantum chemistry with A.Simoes, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 31B, 511-548, 2000

The Sciences at the European Periphery during the Enlightenment:Transmission versus Appropriation. Science and Power: The Historical Foundations of Research Policies in Europe, Edited by L.Guzzetti, European Communities, 2000.

From defiant youth to conformist adulthood: The sad story of liquid helium. Perspectives in Physics, 3, (2000), 165-188.

Theoretical Chemistry in the making: Appropriating concepts and legitimizing techniques. Introductory Remarks, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31B, 429-434, 2000.

One face or many? The role of textbooks in building the new discipline of quantum chemistry, with A.Simoes, In Communicating Chemistry. Textbooks and their Audiences 1789-1939. Edited by A.Lundgren and B.Bensaude-Vincent, pp.415-450. Science History Publications, Canton, MA ,2000.

Controversies and the becoming of physical chemistry. In Controversies in Science, editors, P. Machamer, M. Pera, A. Baltas. p. 177-198, Oxford University Press 2000.

Quantum chemistry qua applied mathematics. The contributions of Charles Alfred Coulson (1910-1974) with A.Simoes, Historical Studies In the Physical Sciences, 29,363-406 Part 2, 1999.

Appropriating the new scientific ideas in the Greek speaking regions during the 17th and 18th Centuries, with D.Dialetis, in Die Griechen und Europa - Auβen und Innensichten im Wandel der Zeit, H. Heppner - O. Katsiardi-Hering (Editors), Zur Kunde Südosteuropas, Band II/25, Bohlau Verlag Wien.

The transmission to and the assimilation of scientific ideas in the Greek speaking world 1700-1900: The case of chemistry in The Making of the Chemist, The Social History of Chemistry in Europe 1789-1914, edited by.D.Knight, H.Kragh, Cambridge University Press, 1998, 289-304.

The Sciences in the Greek Speaking Regions During the 17th and 18th Centuries: The process of appropriation and the dynamics of reception and resistance with D.Dialetis, and M.Patiniotis, Archimedes, volume 2, pp.41-72, 1997.

Different legacies and common aims: Robert Mulliken, Linus Pauling and the origins of quantum chemistry, with A.Simoes, Conceptual Perspectives in Quantum Chemistry, edited by J-L. Calais and E.Kryachko, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, pp.383-413.

The chemists’ electron, (with T.Arabatzis), European Journal of Physics, 18, 150-163, 1997

Philosophical Issues in the History of Chemistry Synthese, 111, 283-304, 1997.

Appropriating the atom at the end of the 19th century: Chemists and physicists at each others’ throat Philosophers Philosophers in the Laboratory, edited by V.Mossini, Academia Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti, Modena 1995, pp.93-106.

The "nemesis" of James Dewar. Proceedings of the Royal Institution, England, 1995, 43, 28-44.

Can theories of Chemistry tell us anything about realism? Problems of Realism, editor R.S. Cohen, Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994, pp.26-43.

The Americans, the Germans and the beginnings of quantum chemistry: The confluence of diverging traditions (with A.Simoes) Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, 1994, 25, 47-110..

Different types of discourse and the history of science. Trends in the Historiography of Science. 1994, 236-251.

The myths of low temperature physics. European Journal of Physics, 1993, 21, 171-190.

The remarkable work of "le gentleman du zero absolu" (with Y.Goudaroulis). In Through Measurement of Knowledge, (see edited volumes) 1991, pp. 13-96.

The reaction of the British physicists and chemists to Van Der Waals''s early work and the law of corresponding states. Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 20, 200-237, 1990.

Differences in style as a way of probing the context of discovery. Philosophia 45, 53-75, 1990.

Historical and methodological issues in dealing with the development of theories of liquids: From gases and liquids to fluids. In Greek Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990, editor P.Nikolakopoulos, pp. 251-277.

From Physica to Nature: The tale of a most peculiar phenomenon with Y.Goudaroulis , Janus 73, 53-84, 1990.

A taxonomy of theoretical and experimental tests. Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Wissenshaftstheorie XX, 18-39, 1989.

The methodology of scientific research programmes and some developments in high energy physics. In Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change, (see edited volumes) 1989, pp. 123-133.

Quantum mechanics and macroscopic quantum phenomena: The case of superconductivity and superfluidity, with Y.Goudaroulis, Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Wissenshaftstheorie XX, 249-275, 1989.

Observability and Simplicity: When are particles elementary? Synthese 79, 543-557, 1989.

Kamerlingh Onnes'' Researches at Leiden and Their Methodological Implications (with Y.Goudaroulis), Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 19, 243-274, 1988.

Understanding Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena. From the history of liquid helium 1941-1955, (with Y.Goudaroulis), Annals of Science, 45, 367-385, 1988.

Rederivations of the General Theory of Relativity as Probes for the Newtonian Framework. Methodology and Science, 21, 280-287, 1988.

Symmetries and the notion of elementarity in high energy physics. Computers and Mathematical Applications 17, 457-465, 1989. Two volumes dedicated to "Symmetry". General Editor H.Hargittai (Pergamon Press, 1988).

On the Problem of Theory Choice. Methodology and Science, 20, 19-31, 1987.

Theoretical Frameworks for Theories of Gravitation: A case of a "sui generis" research program. Methodology and Science 19, 91-124, 1986.

Some Methodological and Historical Considerations in Low Temperature Physics II: The case of Superfluidity (with Y.Goudaroulis), Annals of Science 43, 137-146, 1986.

Recent Evidence and Further Comments on Parity Violation. Historia Scientiarum 37, 115-123, 1986.

Popper''s Tetradic Schema, Progressive Research Programs and the Case of Parity Violation in Elementary Particle Physics 1953-1958. Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie XVI, 261,-278, 1985.

Some Methodological and Historical Considerations in Low Temperature Physics. The Case of Superconductivity 1911-1957, (with Y.Goudaroulis) Annals of Science 41, 135-149, 1984.

The Modification of Popper''s Tetradic Schema and the Special Theory of Relativity. (with A.Baltas) Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie XI, 213- 231, 1980.

Research Guiding Principles in Modern Physics: Case studies in elementary particle physics. Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie VII, 233-250, 1976.

Entries for encyclopaedias, dictionaries etc.

Superconductivity; Superfluidity in the Compendium of Quantum Mechanics, Editor Klaus Hentschel, 2009.

Felix Klein in the New Dictionary of Scientific Biographies, Editor-in-chief Noretta Koertge, 2008

Entropy, with T.Arabatzis in J. Heilbron (ed.), The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science (Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 268-269.

Cryogenics, Solid State Physics in the Oxford Companion for the History of Science, editor J.Heilbron, Clarendon University Press, 2003.

Criogenia, superconduttività e superfluidità,with T.Arabatzis in Storia della scienza, 10 vols., editor-in-chief Sandro Petruccioli (Roma: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 2001-2004), vol. VIII, 2004, pp. 423-430.

John William Strutt, Third Baron Rayleigh for The New Dictionary for National Biographies, Oxford University Press, 1998.


Physical Chemistry;

Valence, all in Reader’s Guide to the History of Science, editor A.Hessenbruch, Fitzroy Publishers, 1998.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853-1926). The Nobel Prizes Winners: Physics. Editor Frank N. Magill. Salem Press, 1990. pp. 179-187.

Pieter Zeeman (1865-1943). The Novel Prizes Winners: Physics. Editor Frank N.Magill. Salem Press, 1990. pp. 45-52.

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